Encompassing the information literacy skills is a framework through which the skills are integrated:
Authority is Constructed and Contextual -- authority/credibility/relevance is determined by the information need and subject matter (i.e., a psychologist would not be a credible source to consult when thinking about wiring codes for an engineer; a blog may be a credible source depending on who the blogger is).
Information Creation as a Process -- information is produced in a variety of formats and venues to serve a specific purpose. Depending on the format and venue, the creation process may be a few hours to a few years.
Information has Value -- the value of information may be defined as economic, education, legal, a mean by which to influence and/or understand the world.
Research as Inquiry -- research is an iterative process that leads to the asking of more complex and developed questions.
Research as Conversation -- scholars, researchers, and professionals are engaged in an ongoing dialogue sharing new insights and discoveries.
Searching as Strategic Exploriation -- searching is iterative and nonlinear requiring a certain level of mental flexibility to assess information and information sources, and negotiate trends of thinking and organization.
Taken from the ACRL Information Literacy Framework
Information Literacy is the ability to...
Identify what information is needed to answer/explore your research question (primary vs. secondary, background information, peer-reviewed vs. scholarly vs. popular)
Select the best sources of information to answer/explore your research question (not all sources or information is created equal -- what source/information best answers your question or addresses your topic?)
Locate and access those sources (use a variety of tools to locate and access information: Google, Google Scholar, library research databases, etc.)
Critically evaluate the sources (use the evaluation rubric to determine the credibility and relevance of the source/information)
Use the information legally and ethically (cite sources used according to specific citation system -- APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, AMA, etc. -- use information in context, and abide by copyright, commercial licensing, and creative commons licensing parameters for information use)
To successfully do college-level research, you need to understand...
Doing quality research is a process, and we are here to help you on this journey!