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U.S. EPA Valuation of Surface Water Quality Improvements Rev Environ Econ Policy, January 5, 2012 ABSTRACT: Since 1982, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has used benefit-cost analysis to evaluate many of its surface water quality regulations. This article addresses three issues that have been particularly challenging in estimating the benefits from water quality improvement: defining standardized measures of water quality improvement, measuring benefits arising from ecological protection and restoration, and measuring nonuse benefits.
Presents qualitative and quantitative studies of citizens' individual and collective efforts to work through the complex issues associated with watershed management. These results are intended to provide insight and practical knowledge that can be used by those who are working to bring change and long-lasting protection and improvement to U.S. waters.
The fastest dwindling and most valuable resource in the world today is not oil, it is water, clean, safe, fresh water. Clean, fresh drinking water is essential to human and animal life. It is equally important to the world economy: it functions as a universal solvent, makes possible industrial cooling and transportation, and is necessary for all kinds of agriculture.